Section 223 (a)(2)(D) of PAMA
“Provision (in a manner reflecting person-centered care) of the following services which, if not available directly through the certified community behavioral health clinic, are provided or referred through formal relationships with other providers:
(i) Crisis mental health services, including 24-hour mobile crisis teams, emergency crisis intervention services, and crisis stabilization.
(ii) Screening, assessment, and diagnosis, including risk assessment.
(iii) Patient-centered treatment planning or similar processes, including risk assessment and crisis planning.
(iv) Outpatient mental health and substance use services.
(v) Outpatient clinic primary care screening and monitoring of key health indicators and health risk.
(vi) Targeted case management.
(vii) Psychiatric rehabilitation services.
(viii) Peer support and counselor services and family supports.
(ix) Intensive, community-based mental health care for members of the armed forces and veterans, particularly those members and veterans located in rural areas, provided the care is consistent with minimum clinical mental health guidelines promulgated by the Veterans Health Administration, including clinical guidelines contained in the Uniform Mental Health Services Handbook of such Administration.”
Requirement of Person-Centered and Family-Centered Care
Person-centered and family-centered care includes care which recognizes the particular cultural and other needs of the individual. This includes but is not limited to services for consumers who are American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN), for whom access to traditional approaches or medicines may be part of CCBHC services. For consumers who are AI/AN, these services may be provided either directly or by formal arrangement with tribal providers.
Crisis Behavioral Health Services
The CCBHC will directly provide robust and timely crisis behavioral health services. Whether provided directly by the CCBHC or by a state sanctioned alternative acting as a DCO, available services must include the following:
• 24 hour mobile crisis teams,
• Emergency crisis intervention services, and
• Crisis stabilization.
Screening, Assessment, and Diagnosis
The CCBHC directly provides screening, assessment, and diagnosis, including risk assessment, for behavioral health conditions. Screening, assessment, and diagnosis are conducted in a time frame responsive to the individual consumer’s needs and are of sufficient scope to assess the need for all services required to be provided by CCBHCs.
The initial evaluation (including information gathered as part of the preliminary screening and risk assessment), as required in program requirement 2, includes, at a minimum, (1) preliminary diagnoses; (2) the source of referral; (3) the reason for seeking care, as stated by the consumer or other individuals who are significantly involved; (4) identification of the consumer’s immediate clinical care needs related to the diagnosis for mental and substance use disorders; (5) a list of current prescriptions and over-the-counter medications, as well as other substances the consumer may be taking; (6) an assessment of whether the consumer is a risk to self or to others, including suicide risk factors; (7) an assessment of whether the consumer has other concerns for their safety; (8) assessment of need for medical care (with referral and follow-up as required); and (9) a determination of whether the person presently is or ever has been a member of the U.S. Armed Services. As needed, releases of information are obtained.
Outpatient Mental Health and Substance Use Services
Based upon the findings of the needs assessment as required in program requirement 1, states must establish a minimum set of evidence-based practices required of the CCBHCs. Among those evidence-based practices states might consider are the following: Motivational Interviewing; Cognitive Behavioral individual, group and on-line Therapies (CBT); Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT); addiction technologies; recovery supports; first episode early intervention for psychosis; Multi-Systemic Therapy; Assertive Community Treatment (ACT); Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (F-ACT); evidence-based medication evaluation and management (including but not limited to medications for psychiatric conditions, medication assisted treatment for alcohol and opioid substance use disorders (e.g., buprenorphine, methadone, naltrexone (injectable and oral), acamprosate, disulfiram, naloxone), prescription long-acting injectable medications for both mental and substance use disorders, and smoking cessation medications); community wrap-around services for youth and children; and specialty clinical interventions to treat mental and substance use disorders experienced by youth (including youth in therapeutic foster care). This list is not intended to be all-inclusive and the states are free to determine whether these or other evidence-based treatments may be appropriate as a condition of certification.
Intensive, Community-Based Mental Health Care for Members of the Armed Forces and Veterans
The following are the 10 guiding principles of recovery:
• Many pathways
• Peer support
• Addresses trauma
As implemented in VHA recovery, the recovery principles also include: